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Fdupes is a command line tool that allows you to find all duplicate files through the console. The advantage over using graphical tools like fslint is of course the speed. At the end of the day, there is nothing faster and more convenient than the Linux console.

Why should we look for duplicate files in Linux?

No matter what operating system you use sooner or later, your computer will contain many files of different sizes, and if you’re not careful enough, repeating them can cost you disk space that you need. For example, you inadvertently downloaded the same ultra HD movie with 40 giga bytes twice.

How to install fdupes on Ubuntu or Debian linux?

sudo apt install fdupes

Or using apt-fast which we prefer 🙂

sudo apt-fast install fdupes

How to install fdupes on Fedora?

dnf install fdupes

How to install fdupes on CentOS/RHEL?

yum install fdupes

Once installed, you can search for duplicate files using the following command:

fdupes /path/to/folder

Or you can search recursively in which case you will be presented with a progress bar

# fdupes -r /path/to/folder

Progress [34248/65545] 80%Code language: PHP (php)

For help you can use the built in help in the command

fdupes -h

Usage: fdupes [options] DIRECTORY...

 -r --recurse     	for every directory given follow subdirectories
                  	encountered within
 -R --recurse:    	for each directory given after this option follow
                  	subdirectories encountered within (note the ':' at
                  	the end of the option, manpage for more details)
 -s --symlinks    	follow symlinks
 -H --hardlinks   	normally, when two or more files point to the same
                  	disk area they are treated as non-duplicates; this
                  	option will change this behavior
 -n --noempty     	exclude zero-length files from consideration
 -A --nohidden    	exclude hidden files from consideration
 -f --omitfirst   	omit the first file in each set of matches
 -1 --sameline    	list each set of matches on a single line
 -S --size        	show size of duplicate files
 -m --summarize   	summarize dupe information
 -q --quiet       	hide progress indicator
 -d --delete      	prompt user for files to preserve and delete all
                  	others; important: under particular circumstances,
                  	data may be lost when using this option together
                  	with -s or --symlinks, or when specifying a
                  	particular directory more than once; refer to the
                  	fdupes documentation for additional information
 -N --noprompt    	together with --delete, preserve the first file in
                  	each set of duplicates and delete the rest without
                  	prompting the user
 -v --version     	display fdupes version
 -h --help        	display this help message
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

In conclusion, we could say that this modest command is an extremely powerful and fast option to deal with duplicate files on our computer and use the free space on our disk for more useful purposes.

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