Fdupes is a command line tool that allows you to find all duplicate files through the console. The advantage over using graphical tools like fslint is of course the speed. At the end of the day, there is nothing faster and more convenient than the Linux console.
Why should we look for duplicate files in Linux?
No matter what operating system you use sooner or later, your computer will contain many files of different sizes, and if you’re not careful enough, repeating them can cost you disk space that you need. For example, you inadvertently downloaded the same ultra HD movie with 40 giga bytes twice.
How to install fdupes on Ubuntu or Debian linux?
sudo apt install fdupes
Or using apt-fast which we prefer 🙂
sudo apt-fast install fdupes
How to install fdupes on Fedora?
dnf install fdupes
How to install fdupes on CentOS/RHEL?
yum install fdupes
Once installed, you can search for duplicate files using the following command:
Or you can search recursively in which case you will be presented with a progress bar
# fdupes -r /path/to/folder
Progress [34248/65545] 80%Code language: PHP (php)
fdupes -d /path/to/folder
It won’t delete anything on it’s own, you will be asked for confirmation.
For help you can use the built in help in the command
Usage: fdupes [options] DIRECTORY...
-r --recurse for every directory given follow subdirectories
-R --recurse: for each directory given after this option follow
subdirectories encountered within (note the ':' at
the end of the option, manpage for more details)
-s --symlinks follow symlinks
-H --hardlinks normally, when two or more files point to the same
disk area they are treated as non-duplicates; this
option will change this behavior
-n --noempty exclude zero-length files from consideration
-A --nohidden exclude hidden files from consideration
-f --omitfirst omit the first file in each set of matches
-1 --sameline list each set of matches on a single line
-S --size show size of duplicate files
-m --summarize summarize dupe information
-q --quiet hide progress indicator
-d --delete prompt user for files to preserve and delete all
others; important: under particular circumstances,
data may be lost when using this option together
with -s or --symlinks, or when specifying a
particular directory more than once; refer to the
fdupes documentation for additional information
-N --noprompt together with --delete, preserve the first file in
each set of duplicates and delete the rest without
prompting the user
-v --version display fdupes version
-h --help display this help message
In conclusion, we could say that this modest command is an extremely powerful and fast option to deal with duplicate files on our computer and use the free space on our disk for more useful purposes.