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Why do we have to set a static IP address on our Ubuntu \ Debian Linux?

The default IP address of your computer – whatever it is, is probably “dynamic”. This is mostly convenient, as network administrators do not have to go through the hassle of creating individual IP addresses for each computer on their network. However, there are good reasons why you may want to set a static IP address in Ubuntu – from improved security to games, servers, faster Internet speeds and port forwarding.

In this article we will show you how to set a static IP address in Ubuntu.

Setting a IP address in Ubuntu \ Debian Linux

There are two options for setting a static address on our computer. The first is through the console, which we will look at now, and the second is through a graphical interface, which we will look at below.

First open terminal and edit your network settings:

# Install net-tools to check network card name and dhcp settings sudo apt-get install net-tools # Check network settings ifconfig
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ubuntu install net-tools
ubuntu check network setting with ifconfig
sudo lshw -c network

Now we have to add our network settings in 01-network-manager-all.yaml

# Edit network settings sudo nano /etc/netplan/01-network-manager-all.yaml # Example setup # Let NetworkManager manage all devices on this system network: version: 2 renderer: networkd ethernets: ens3: dhcp4: no addresses: - 192.168.0.222/24 gateway4: 192.168.0.1 nameservers: addresses: [8.8.8.8, 192.168.0.1]
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Now we have to apply settings

# Apply network settings sudo netplan apply
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And if we check with ifconfig we are going to see our new static IP address

Now how to set up a static IP address using the GUI

At the top right corner you will se the network icon, click on Wired Settings:

After on the gear wheel

And finally click apply

Here is a video tutorial on how to set a static ip on ubuntu\debian linux

Conclusion

You will now have a static IP configuration on your Ubuntu computer. Remember that you will need to do this for each device on your network, as static IP only applies to individual devices, not the entire network.

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